Tag: Parenting

Of super moms and more

Of super moms and more

Last Sunday the world celebrated Mother’s Day. But few know where the concept of celebrating Mother’s Day originated.

According to some, the earliest Mother’s Day celebrations began in ancient Greece in honour of Rhea, the Mother of the Gods. In the 17th century, England celebrated a day called Mothering Sunday when all the mothers of England were honoured. Because many poor men worked as servants for the wealthy, they would often live at the houses of their employers, which were located far from their homes. On Mothering Sunday these servants would have the day off and were encouraged to return home and spend the day with their mothers. That’s how the earliest Mother’s Day was celebrated.

Unfortunately today, Mother’s Day, like many other special days, has been reduced to a commercially driven occasion, with the pure intention of making profits. In the recent years, India too has joined the bandwagon of celebrating mother’s day. The greeting card and gift companies may use mother’s day to exploit our sentiments, urging us to measure our love for our mothers in terms of expensive gifts, but most Indians still know in their hearts that the value of mother’s love is immeasurable. In fact the joy of motherhood is in itself the greatest gift.

As children, the best gift we can give to our mothers it to love them unconditionally, because that’s how they love us.

To honour young mothers, Thane Women’s Guild (TWG), a city-based, all-woman, not-for-profit organisation celebrated Mother’s Day last Sunday in a unique way. TWG conducted an hour-long programme with 50 city-based mothers of kindergarten children. Held at Hari Om Nagar, the idea behind the event was to provide an interactive platform to young mothers. Two guest speakers, Dr Bhabesh Mithya and Dr Suhas Kulkarni, both paediatricians, addressed the moms on the mental and emotional well being of their little ones. While Dr Mithya mainly spoke on nutrition and its relation to growth and development of children under five years, Dr Kulkarni talked about common health
problems, emotional needs of pre-school children and good parenting skills.

There was a rapid-fire quiz session on ‘Parenting Skills’, with questions ranging from child health and development of social skills to securing the future of children financially. The response to this session was such that when time ran out, the excited mothers requested that more such events be organised. A few working mothers felt that such programmes were a very effective means for de-stressing and unwinding from the working week’s demanding schedules.

The programme was rounded off by awarding prizes to ‘Super Mom,’ the ‘Most Promising Mom,’ and the ‘Future Super Mom’, all of who were spontaneously selected by the doctor guests and other panellists based on the questions and interactions of the participating mothers.

In spite of the tremendous responsibilities that accompany motherhood, the young mothers were evidently enthusiastic about discovering the joys of being young mothers.

Baby Blues

Baby Blues

Whenever a life is saved, we thank at least two beings – one is of course the omnipotent, omniscient creator that most of us call God. But the other, more tangible being, is the doctor who attended to the patient medically. In that sense, doctors carry a huge burden of hope on their shoulders. And when the patient they are attending to is a child, the burden is considerably heavier.

A few months ago we carried a story on the availability of facilities for neonatal surgeries in Thane. Recently, another sensitive neonatal surgery was performed on a mere 25-day-old infant. So complicated was the case that the incidence of its occurrence is three in a million! This case serves as a cautionary note to parents of infants who might be tempted to disregard or discount abnormalities as not serious.

A 15-day-old baby, who was otherwise normal, suddenly started passing urine from his umbilicus (navel). Initially, his mother ignored it, thinking that it is an ordinary serous discharge, as the child was also passing urine normally. There was no fever or any other abnormality detected. However, when the discharge continued for a couple of days, the concerned parents took their baby to Dr. Geeta Bhat, the pediatrician who was treating the infant. Dr Bhat immediately referred the parents to Dr. Laxmikant Kasat, who promptly diagnosed the infant as suffering from a condition that is medically known as “Patent Urachus”. The urachus is a tube that connects the bladder to the umbilicus. After birth, the urachus normally closes and becomes a ligament. But, if for some reason the urachus fails to close after birth, the tube remains open (patent). It is then that the urine starts leaking from the umbilicus and surgery becomes necessary to avoid bacterial and other infections.

When Dr Kasat decided to operate the infant, who was now 25-days-old, he was aware of the rarity of this case and took the most cautious approach. While the child was unconscious and made insensitive to pain using general anesthesia, an incision was made in the lower abdomen. The urachus was located and removed from the umbilicus and the bladder. The bladder opening was repaired, and the incision was closed. Thus, the oblivious baby was saved from what could’ve developed into a life threatening medical condition.

Like in the above case, many parents tend to self-diagnose and self-treat the symptoms using home remedies. This, according to Dr Kasat, is a dangerous practice. He said, “The point to remember is that whenever there is a urine-like discharge from the navel, especially in the newborns, parents must immediately consult a pediatric surgeon as there is a high likelihood of a patent urachus, which needs prompt surgery to prevent any possibility of severe urinary infections.” In fact Dr Kasat warned against treating such leaks with ointments, herbal paste   or simply waiting it out, all of which can prove dangerous, leading to pus formation and often inadequate and prolonged treatment. As in all medical complications, early diagnosis and treatment gives excellent results.

So the next time you observe any abnormal phenomenon in your newborn, however mild it may seem, do not take it lightly. Rush to your pediatrician and have the possibility of anything serious ruled out. After all you owe it your baby.

Prudent Parenting

Prudent Parenting

Our attitudes, confidence levels and approach to deal with difficult situations are formed during childhood. Parenting children under age 10 is therefore one of the most difficult tasks and calls for a tremendous sense of responsibility. But young couples often find themselves unable to cope with raising healthy and happy children. To help such couples, Saraswati Mandir Trust’s Pre-Primary School at Naupada organised a series of lectures by experts. Titled Paalak Shaala, meaning School for Parents, the lectures were held in two batches – one for parents of students aged around four years on July 24 and the other for parents whose students are aged around five years on July 31. The lectures, held between 8.30 am and 12.30 pm, saw a massive turnout of 700 parents collectively.

The first speaker was Dr Ashok Paranjpe (MD, BAMS), a well-known authority in the field of diet and nutrition. In his lecture, he urged parents to move away from the popular tendency of relying on supplements only and highlighted the importance of a balanced diet for their children. According to Paranjpe, a high-protein diet is not sufficient. For proper physical and mental growth, the child requires complete nutrition which is available in seasonal produce, green vegetables and natural foods. These foods are rich in medicinal values and also build resistance (immunity) of the child. He also emphasised the role of physical exercise for children suggesting that they be encouraged to indulge in physical activity. Running, skipping and jogging are great for children. He insisted parents on teaching children the traditional Indian Suryanamaskar, which is a great all-body workout.
 
The next speaker was Arun Naik, a psychologist with a vibrant personality, who gave loads of sound advice to parents. Naik underlined the difference between growth, which is quantitative and development, which is qualitative. According to Naik, parents must give more importance to the latter. He said that for a proper development of the child, parents must learn how to deal with difficult situations in a calm and balanced manner. Talking about expectations, he revealed that parental pressure to perform often takes away the child’s joy of participating in competitions. Instead, the child should be allowed to enjoy without any expectations whatsoever. Naik ended his session by emphasising on showing children the immense possibilities of life rather than categorising their every act as "good" or "bad".

It was then the turn of clinical therapist and counsellor Sunila Dingankar, who used several examples to illustrate how parents can effectively mould the thought patterns of their children. She outlined four behavioural patterns of parents: firm, firm and indecisive, kind and indecisive, and kind yet firm. According to her, the last one, firm but kind, is best way to deal with children.

Parents who attended the lectures were so moved by the wisdom they received that they appealed for regular sessions covering wider issues of concern. Taking into account the enthusiastic response of parents, principal pf the school, Rohini Rasal, announced the setting up of "Paalak Charcha Vyaspeeth", a congregation of parents to discuss the various issues. She also made the school premises available for the meetings. The first meeting is scheduled for August 07 at 5pm and interested parents have been invited to participate.

Bestselling author Robert Fulghum says, "Don’t worry that children never listen to you. Worry that they are always watching you". Parenting is, first and foremost, about setting a good example and then ensuring gently that your child grows up healthy, self-reliant, and fulfilled. Isn’t that every parent’s dream?

Obsessed with marks?

Obsessed with marks?

Last month, over a dozen students from Mumbai took their lives in fear of the impending board results. And this is an annual phenomenon. Every year, around May and June, we witness paranoia among students awaiting their class X and XII board results. Thousands of students go into depression, take to drugs or commit suicide. A study by The Week magazine found that approximately 4000 students commit suicide in India each year, most of which are exam-related. What’s more, because of our fixation  with marks, a CNN.com report declared India as "obsessed with numbers". This is a disturbing trend and it cannot be stressed enough that we must strive to end collectively – parents, teachers, students and the society at large. Students in particular must be made to understand that life is not about academic success alone and there’s a lot more to it.  

Failing is like stumbling, and should be viewed only a temporary setback – you get up and start walking again. If you obtain lesser marks than you expected, just resolve to do better next time instead of brooding over the current "failure". Remember what, Tom Hopkins, internationally respected sales trainer said, "I am not judged by the number of times I fail, but by the number of times I succeed; and the number of times I succeed is in direct proportion to the number of times I can fail and keep on trying." In other words, not giving up is his mantra of success, which is repeated in different words by every successful person. This is what "You and Your Results", a seminar for students of SSC and HSC and their parents, will highlight.

Every year around the time of declaration of board results, Lighthouse Foundation, a nascent not-for-profit group, organises these seminars in Thane and Mumbai for anxious SSC/HSC students and their parents. The objective of the seminars is to reach out to students and parents and highlight the urgent importance of detaching students from their results. There are countless examples of individuals who have done extremely well in their lives in spite of not having a strong academic background. Thomas Edison, JRD Tata, Charlie Chaplin, George Washington, Mark Twain, Agatha Christie, Dhirubhai Ambani and many more did not complete formal education but that did not deter them from achieving heights of success. "While we do not undermine the importance of academics, we do emphasise that the individual is distinct from his or her results. Our seminar will attempt to dispel the many myths associated with board exam results," said a Lighthouse spokesperson. A free 20-page booklet, intended to encourage students and parents at the time of board results, will be circulated to the students at venue.

In the past eminent personalities such as actor Anupam Kher and commentator Harsha Bhogle have been part of the seminars. This year, well-known singer-composer Shankar Mahadevan will address the students at Siddhivinayak Hall, Siddhivinayak Temple Trust in Prabhadevi on Saturday 11 June at 10.30 am. An audio-visual presentation will focus on the correct way to approach board results. Well-known counsellor Dr Rajan Bhonsle will answer questions of students and parents. The seminar will be repeated at Thane on Sunday 10.30 am at Sahyog Mandir, Ghantali. The seminars are free, but entry is restricted only to SSC/HSC students, their parents/guardians and teachers.

Love your children, not their performance

Love your children, not their performance

Year after year, as board results approach, we hear distressing stories of students taking their lives because of the fear of failure. But what happened in Thane last week was really sad. When I first heard about 16-year-old Vijay Sharma’s brutal act of murdering his mother, I was shaken. The fact that he was from my alma mater St John only deepened my grief. Newspaper reports suggested that the reason behind young Vijay’s brutal act was a "row over studies" as he wasn’t interested in studying. When you hear such stories, you know it is time for an awakening. It is time to find out what is it about our education system that drives students to take such extreme steps as taking their lives or killing others. Perhaps the answer lies in our obsession with marks. A report on CNN.com says that when it comes to board results, "India is obsessed with the numbers, and some teenagers are so wracked by anxiety that they become ill, or worse." The report also quotes a study conducted by The Week in October 2003, which said that approximately 4000 students take their lives each year.

What creates such pressure on students? Peer pressure is one thing. But that can be handled, if parents are supportive. Unfortunately, many parents are as nervous as, or even more, than their children during exams. As a result they end up adding fuel to fire by constantly nagging and often applying undue pressure on their wards to become high achievers. This sometimes causes them to make things worse by being too forceful.

Yet, most psychologists opine that parents can play an important role in helping their children cope with the trauma of examination. According to Dr Rajan Bhosle (MD), a renowned counsellor, "Parents need to be as tolerant and supportive as they can at this difficult time. It is essential that parents repeatedly reassure their children that the love and treasure them and whatever their performance at the exams, this fact will not change."

There are countless examples of people without formal education who’ve achieved heights of success and parents must realise, and also help their children realise, that doing poorly in a particular exam does not translate into doing poorly in life. They need to be reminded that just because someone else is better in their education course, it does not mean that that person is a superior being.

Another issue is that of forcing career choices onto children. Studies suggest that parents often view their children’s career accomplishments as a reflection on themselves and as a material for the construction of meaning in their own lives. This is often where conflict between parents and children may arise.

Agreed, that most parents have their best interest in mind when they pressurise their sons and daughters towards excellence. But top psychologists advise parents to know when to draw the line. According to Jim Clarke, from irishhealth.com, "There is good stress and bad stress. Good stress keeps us alert to things we need to be concerned about, whereas bad stress undermines peace of mind. Bad stress has health ramifications, as it can cause headaches and anxiety and can lead to serious complaints developing, such as panic attacks or depression." Parents must ensure that bad stress is kept at bay. The solution, says Clarke, lies in proclaiming unconditional love.

Next week, a student-welfare NGO is organising a free seminar in Thane for those students who have appeared for the class X and class XII exams. Watch out for details.

Admission apprehension

Admission apprehension

Parents always want nothing but the best for their children, especially when it comes to education. Unfortunately, in spite of all their efforts, many of them fail to secure admission for their children to a school of their choice. It is a known fact that when it comes to quality educations, demand far outweighs supply. Even our Prime Minister acknowledges this imbalance. This portion of speech by Atal Bihari Vajpayee pretty much sums up the state of affairs: "Today, understanding, concern and demand for quality education is growing in all sections of our society. Even poor parents want their child to get admission in a good school. But there just do not seem to be adequate number of good schools. The gap between demand and supply creates a lot of tension in families at the start of every school admission season. I can tell you that even ministers and MPs receive hundreds of requests for securing admission into Kendriya Vidayalayas and other good schools."

If a recent episode is any indication, parents from Thane seem to be very well aware of the demand-supply gap referred by the Prime Minister. Thane’s Sulochana Devi Singhania School (popularly known as the J K School in Thane) enjoys a formidable reputation among parents and is considered one of the best privately managed schools in the twin cities of Mumbai and Thane. Recently, the school administration announced that the distribution of admission forms for Junior KG would start from December 1st at 9 am and would continue up to December 8th. Somehow, many parents heard rumours that there are limited forms to be distributed and therefore the first-come, first-served rule would apply. Not wanting to take any chance, several hyper-anxious parents from Thane began lining up right from the previous day. In fact the first parent in the queue was a gentleman who arrived at the counter at 6 am in the morning of November 30. About 60 parents spent the night in the school premises. Most of them were equipped with provisions such as food, drinks and soaps and toothbrushes. By the next morning, another 60 parents appended the queue. Driven by their apprehensions and the rumours they had heard, most parents had brought along all original documents and photocopies, so that they may submit the duly filled forms at the same time – although there was ample of time for parents to submit the forms.

The Kothari Commission’s report on the development of education in India says, "the destiny of a nation is decided in her classrooms." If that is true, then we certainly need more classrooms!

Testing Times

Testing Times

A report on CNN.com says that when it comes to board results, "India is obsessed with the numbers, and some teenagers are so wracked by anxiety that they become ill, or worse." The report also quotes a study conducted by The Week in October last year which said that approximately 4000 students take their lives each year. The figures are hardly surprising as it is a known fact that taking exams is one of the most stressful times in a student’s life. The stress is a direct outcome of the psyche of students who tend to identify their self-worth with the marks they obtain. Fear of perfectionism, achieving success and unhealthy competitiveness has puts enormous pressure on our children.
 
Most teachers and psychologists opine that parents play an extremely important role in helping their children cope with the trauma of examination. Unfortunately, many parents are as nervous as, or even more so, than their children during exams. This sometimes causes them to make things worse by being too forceful.

According to Dr Rajan Bhosle (MD), a renowned counsellor, "Parents need to be as tolerant and supportive as they can at this difficult time. It is essential that parents repeatedly reassure their children that the love and treasure them and whatever their performance at the exams, this fact will not change."

There are countless examples of people without formal education who’ve achieved heights of success and parents must help heir children realise that doing poorly in a particular exam does not translate into doing poorly in life. They need to be reminded that just because someone else is better in their course, it does not mean that person is a superior being.

Another issue is that of forcing career choices onto children. Studies suggest that parents often view their children’s career accomplishments as a reflection on themselves and as a material for the construction of meaning in their own lives. This is often where conflict between parents and children may arise.  

Lighthouse Foundation is organizing free seminars for parents titled "You and Your Children" on November 15 and 16 in Thane and Mumbai. The seminars are an attempt to create an understanding between parents and their kids to help them deal with the exam pressures.

Determination Personified

Determination Personified

Ameya Gawand’s strength of will is a source of motivation for those who know him. Despite all odds, he lives an absolutely normal life and this is what makes him a truly special child.

When you first meet him, it does not even occur to you that he is a child who can barely see and whose right side of body is paralyzed. Within minutes, this gifted child wins over your heart. As a child with severe disabilities, Ameya comes across as an extremely bright and "normal" child.

Ameya’s stamina is infectious and his warm friendliness is heart warming. Once you’ve been with him for a while, his innate talents slowly come to the fore. First, you are treated to his wonderfully colorful drawings, each one reflecting a promise of a great artist of future. Then you are informed that he won the first prize at a national competition organized by The Maharashtra State Council for Child Welfare. Little surprise, that.

Amu, as his loved ones fondly call him, is a natural speaker. His near perfect diction has won him several awards in elocution competitions; both inter school and those organized by his own school. "He delivers his speeches with such passion that his audiences are often left spell bound and in tears", says his father, Dr. Nityanand Gawand. "But he can also make people laugh. His sense of humor is terrific. And his stock of jokes never ends. I think he is a natural entertainer."

He has collected a pile of certificates for other activities too. A sizeable assortment of trophies and cups adorn his living room. He won four consecutive fancy dress competitions organized by the Rotaract Club of Thane, until he crossed the qualifying age, when he could no more participate. Amu excels in recitations, story telling and mimicry and never tires of performing in public. Not the one to shy away from people, Amu is always ready for a public performance. Even guests at home are entertained for hours together.

In school, Amu sets an example of a well-behaved and obedient child. His teachers love him and he has been fortunate to find some exceptional teachers in his childhood. His mother, Sai, is quick to praise Ms. Pimenta, whose contribution has been instrumental in his development as a confident, mature child. She is grateful to Ms. Mahajan for her love and affection towards Amu. Ameya’s parents are also appreciative of Ms. Korde, the principal of Saraswati Vidyalaya, for her continued support and encouragement.

Another striking aspect of his personality is his ability to reason. Amu’s power of reasoning is so strong that it is difficult not be moved by it. His conversations with his father reveal this child’s deep and philosophical mind, and his extremely sensitive disposition. His love for animals is heartrending and his ambition is to be a vet, so that he can be near to animals and help them as much as he can. Accepting that Amu’s wisdom is far beyond his age, his father says candidly, "living my life with Amu has been so full of fun and learning".

Amu’s faint vision has never bothered him. He surfs the Internet and watches TV, albeit from real close. His rather weak right side does not prevent him from playing cricket and winning matches. And he is now learning classical music. Interestingly, his father says that Amu has never complained about his lack and has always demonstrated a resolve to triumph over life’s trials.

Amu’s parents are extremely proud of their child. But, their emotions cannot be felt by any of us. They have preserved Ameya’s first effort at writing. "For me, it was a great achievement of a child who was virtually sightless", says his father, with moist eyes. Every hurdle that Ameya overcame has given his parents a reason to celebrate.

Such is the determination of this young soul that he once participated in marathon race, some two years ago. His physical disability did not stop him from completing the race, though he fell down a few times while running. When you hear such stirring accounts of courage, you are led to conclude that Amu is not handicapped; he is simply more challenged than the rest of us.

 

The Fake Terrorist

The Fake Terrorist

Mistrust among the people is growing, as was amply demonstrated in a BEST bus recently. It was about 4:30 pm and the 496 Ltd. had begun its journey from Thane Flyover to Andheri Station. When the bus reached Mulund Check Naka, a passenger noticed an "abandoned" suitcase lying on the front seat. The conductor inquired with the passengers if the suitcase belonged anyone of them. When nobody owned it up, fear began enveloping the passengers.

Soon, everyone was heard discussing what action should be taken. One passenger suggested that the bus be taken to the nearby fire station. Another proposed calling the police. Few passengers even tried to recollect if they had seen the "terrorist" slipping away. Patience was running out and the bus was finally evacuated at the Bhandup Police Chowki stop and the conductor informed the police station. A constable came to investigate but even he refused to take the "risk" of touching the bag.

The "case" was finally solved when a man from the next 496 Ltd. got down and came running to claim the bag. It turned out that he had mistakenly left his suitcase behind as he got off from the bus at the Thane flyover, which was the last stop.

A worthy Successor
Padmashri Padmaja Phenani-Joglekar is a household name amongst music lovers in Maharashtra. Last week, Thaneites had the privilege of listening to some vintage Marathi songs in her inimitable voice. She was at The Gadkari Rangayatan as part of a charity show.

During the show, the compere narrated an interesting anecdote about Padmajaji. Reporters at the New York Airport once asked Lata Mangeshkar which singer in her opinion was fit to be her successor? Lataji replied without hesitation, "There’s only one: Padmaja Phenani".

Recently, at a function in New Delhi, Padmajaji recited a few poems of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The PM was present too. The compere asked Padmajaji if she was nervous and overwhelmed by his presence. Ever humble and witty, she replied that India was indeed lucky to have such a sensitive poet-leader and that his presence and encouragement was re-assuring.

Once she started singing, she closed her eyes, as she usually does, lost in her melody, completely oblivious to her distinguished audience.

Wonder Kid’s Compassion
Amey Gawand’s compassion towards animals is really touching. This physically challenged child from Thane is extremely clever and won numerous competitions. His school friends have nicknamed him "the wonder kid" after Times of India carried a story on him last year with the same title.

When Amey was 6 years old, he created a profound impact on his father. Dr. Gawand, a self-professed, hard-core non-vegetarian, was preparing himself for his regular dish of chicken and meat, when Amey walked up to him and asked him a few straight-from-the-heart questions:

"Dad, can you give life to anybody?" "No", replied his father. "Then what right do you have, to take anyone’s life?"

"Fish, chicken… did they come and trouble you?" "No", said the doctor. "Then why do you trouble them?"

"Dad, I have seen small chicks gather under the hen for protection. This shows that they have a family. Would you like it, if someone troubles your family?" "Of course not, son" replied his father. "Then why do you trouble them?"

"If you really crave eating flesh, try eating tigers and lions. Why do you go after the helpless ones?" Dr. Gawand did not have an answer to this one.

Soon afterwards, he voluntarily left eating non-vegetarian food. His son’s questions had hit him real hard.

A hope for nature lovers
Of its many drawbacks, urbanisation’s toll on environmental balance is perhaps the biggest. But nature-lovers in Thane still have HOPE. Instituted by the Rotary Club of Thane, Here On Project Environment or HOPE, as its popularly known, is an active club of nature loving beings.

Don’t be too surprised if you see people of all ages, enthusiastically planting mangroves near the Kalwa Bridge. HOPE regularly organises such plantations, which go a long way in restoring and maintaining an ecological balance

A club dedicated to the environment, HOPE holds meetings every Saturday, between 7 and 9 in the evening. Environment experts, forest officers and HOPE members talk about their experiences and discuss future projects to deal with pollution, global warming, tiger conservation, illegal forest trade and more. These meetings are open for all and HOPE encourages nature-conscious Thane citizens to attend these meetings.

From time to time, HOPE also organises Nature treks and Workshops to teach new skills such as nature photography and garbage recycling.

The ever-increasing amounts of work in such fields require more dedicated members and HOPE invites collegians, housewives, retirees, and others with some free time to spare to come forth and join the organization. For more information, contact Shyam Ghate at 5422493.

"Good Health for Thane"
Yoga, which is enjoying growing popularity in the western countries, is also gripping Thane-ites. This can be gauged from the success of the Teachers’ course for Yoga conducted by Ghantali Mitra Mandal. This certificate course has initiated thousands of Yoga Teachers around the city since 1971. Young and old, from all walks of life, attend this course and then go on to spread the knowledge elsewhere.

The 10-week covers all the major aspects of Yoga, including history of Yoga, meditation, diet, the various asanas and pranayama etc. The organisation also holds focused programs on obesity, asthma, blood pressure and other stress related health problems.

Based on the tremendous success of these programs, the organization extended them new centres such as Gadkari Rangayatan, Sahyog Mandir and Shiv Malti Sabahgruh. The objective of the organization is to make the course and the programs available to as many people as possible.

Yoga is synonymous with stress reduction, and if practiced regularly, it is a very powerful healing and transformational tool. For those who wish to take the course or attend any of the programs conducted by the organisation, they may contact Ghantali Mitra Mandal at 5361349.